A month ago, many states were opening up. Now they’re pausing or even rolling back. The uncertainty of how and where the virus will move is forcing schools to make multiple plans for them to stay flexible just a few weeks before the start of the 2020-21 year.
Arizona Gov. Doug Ducey has pushed its start date for in-person schools back to August 17 since it emerges together of the current hotspots, but that does not solve things for the state’s Superintendent of Public Instruction, Kathy Hoffman.
In California, State Superintendent Tony Thurmond can be watching the spikes as he makes plans for his 6.2 million students and 360,000 teachers. “We’ll be ready for either scenario: in-person or staying in distance learning,” he told CNN.
That kind of flexibility is supported by experts including Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, who on Tuesday needed states never to rush through reopening protocols.
“Always make the goal that it is very important to get the children back to school for the unintended negative consequences that occur when we keep them out of school,” he said.
“Lengthy time away from school and associated interruption of supportive services often results in social isolation, making it difficult for schools to identify and address important learning deficits as well as child and adolescent physical or sexual abuse, substance use, depression, and suicidal ideation,” the group said.
It added that schools were probably not greatly amplifying the spread of Covid-19 and that kids are more unlikely than adults to become extremely ill.
But Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers, said the health of staff in schools had to be considered too. She said schools in areas with outbreaks would have to change their plans to reopen.
“And if they don’t change their plans, we will take aggressive action to try and make them change their plans, because the health and safety of our students and staff are paramount. And people have a legal right and a moral right to those kinds of protections.”
Pressure to reopen schools is not just about education — it posseses an impact on the broader economy by freeing up parents to return to work.
“There’s no reopening the economy if kids are not in school,” said Joseph Allen, assistant professor at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and the lead writer of a new report on risk reduction strategies for reopening schools. “And if that means deprioritizing other aspects of the economy, for example bars or restaurants, that may be what certain regions have to do.”
He agreed that schools wanting to open would probably need the flexibility of modified schedules along with some distance learning and protocols for cleaning, distancing and wearing masks.
But that lengthy menu of options is posing challenges for many who are wanting to create policy at a statewide level.
Alabama State Superintendent of Education Eric Mackey said there have been widely varying ideas of how schools should look, even from community to community.
“One jurisdiction it is under 5% and another jurisdiction it is about 80% or more of parents saying they intend to keep their children home,” that he told CNN. “So you can see how it’s so difficult to do a statewide plan.”
Daniel Domenech, executive director of the American Association of School Administrators, was a school superintendent for 27 years and knows simply how much staff, parents and kids just want answers.
“There’s the pressure from the community and the staff for the plans to be released,” that he said. “But releasing plans at this point with so many unknowns is what makes it such a difficult process.”
CNN’s Bianna Golodryga and Yon Pomrenze contributed to this story.