Q&A: All About Coronavirus and COVID-19

Q&A: All About Coronavirus and COVID-19

What is the new corona virus and COVID-19?

New corona virus or novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new type of corona virus that causes a disease called COVID-19. Before known as COVID-19, the disease was known as the new corona virus 2019 or 2019-nCoV.

The new corona virus is a new virus, but is similar to the family of viruses that cause SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and a number of common influenza.

Are there special drugs to prevent or treat new corona viruses?

Until now, there has been no specific drug that is recommended to prevent or treat diseases caused by the new corona virus (COVID-19). Those infected with the virus must receive appropriate treatment to relieve and treat symptoms, and those who are seriously ill must be taken to hospital. Most patients recover due to treatment for the symptoms they experience.

Some specific treatments are currently being investigated, and will go through clinical trials. WHO helped accelerate research and development efforts with a number of partners.

What corona virus infection (COVID-19) treatments are available?

At present there is no effective treatment specifically for new corona virus infections. Vaccines may only be available in the next 18 months (2021). In the meantime, the best way is to take precautions, which are:

  • Often clean hands with soap and running water
    Avoid touching face
    Stay away from people who show symptoms (fever, dry cough, fatigue)
    If you have a fever, tiredness and dry cough, seek treatment immediately
    You can strengthen your immune system by engaging in healthy behaviors, such as regular exercise, eating nutritionally balanced foods, not smoking and making sure you and your child get complete immunizations.

What are the signs or symptoms of corona virus infection?

If someone is infected with a virus, he will show symptoms within 1-14 days of exposure to the virus. The general symptoms are

  • fever
    fatigue
    dry cough

Most people will only experience mild symptoms, but in certain cases, infection can cause pneumonia and difficulty breathing. In a small number of cases, corona virus infection can be fatal. Older people (elderly) and people with health problems such as high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes may experience more serious illness.

Because the symptoms are similar to the common cold, a test is needed to determine whether a person is infected with the corona virus. Tests are available at referral hospitals for people who experience symptoms on the orders of a doctor.

Key to preventing corona virus (COVID-19): Often clean your hands with soap and running water, avoid touching your face, stay away from people who show symptoms (fever, dry cough, fatigue), when coughing or sneezing: cover mouth and nose with elbows folded or tissue that is thrown directly into a closed trash can after use.

What should I do if the child shows symptoms of the corona virus?

Seek immediate medical help but remember that the symptoms of this new corona virus infection (cough or fever) are actually no different from the symptoms of the common cold.

Continue to do hand washing with soap and make sure your child is immunized so that your child is protected from viruses and other diseases.

Avoid public places (workplaces, schools, public transportation) to prevent spread.

What should I do if family members show symptoms?

Seek immediate medical attention if you or your child has a fever, cough and difficulty breathing. Call the health facility in advance to let you know if you have traveled to an area where a corona virus case (COVID-19) has been reported or if you have met someone who has traveled to the area and showed symptoms.

Are there things I can’t do?

The following actions are NOT effective against COVID-19 and can even be dangerous:

  • Smoke
    Wearing more than one mask
    Take antibiotics

Whatever the circumstances, if you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical help immediately to reduce the risk of getting a more severe infection and share your recent travel history with your healthcare provider.

Is it safe to breastfeed the baby if the mother is infected or suspected corona virus?

All mothers who live in the affected area or are at risk, especially those who show symptoms of fever, cough and shortness of breath should seek treatment as soon as possible and follow the instructions of health workers.

Because of the importance of breastfeeding, mothers who are breastfeeding can continue breastfeeding while continuing to take preventative measures. As with other respiratory viruses, the new corona virus is not transmitted through breast milk.

For mothers or anyone who experiences symptoms of fever, fatigue and dry cough, who need to interact with children, consider the following.

  • Use a mask when near children (including when breastfeeding)
    Wash hands with soap before and after contact with children (including breastfeeding)
    Clean the surface of objects touched by hands with a cloth, tissue or liquid disinfectant.
    If the mother is too weak, it is better to milk the milk and give it to the baby with a clean cup or spoon, while still following the precautions above.

Are antibiotics effective at preventing and treating new corona viruses?

No, antibiotics don’t work against viruses, only bacteria. New corona viruses are viruses and therefore antibiotics should not be used for prevention or treatment. Antibiotics are only used according to doctor’s instructions to treat bacterial infections.

Is COVID-19 the same as SARS?

No. The virus that causes COVID-19 and the virus that causes the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) outbreak that emerged in 2003 does have a genetic link, but the disease it causes is different. SARS is more deadly, but transmission is lower than COVID-19. There has not been an SARS outbreak anywhere since 2003.

Can a hot shower prevent the corona virus (COVID-19)?

A hot shower cannot prevent you from COVID-19. Your normal body temperature stays around 36.5 ° C to 37 ° C regardless of water temperature. Actually, bathing with very hot water can be dangerous, because it can burn the skin.

The best way to protect yourself from COVID-19 is to wash your hands frequently with soap and running water or when alcohol is not available (60%). By doing this, you get rid of viruses that may be on your hands and avoid infections that can occur by touching your eyes, mouth and nose.

Can humans be infected with COVID-19 from animals?

Coronavirus is a group of viruses that are usually found in animals. Sometimes, people get infected with these viruses, which then spread to other people, such as SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. SARS-CoV is associated with ferrets, while MERS-CoV is transmitted by camels. COVID-19 infectious animals have not been confirmed to date.

To protect yourself, for example when visiting a live animal market, avoid direct contact with live animals and surfaces that come in contact with animals. Make sure food hygiene is always maintained. Be careful when handling raw meat, milk or animal organs to avoid contamination with raw food and avoid consumption of raw or undercooked animal products.

Does rinsing the nose with salt regularly prevent new corona virus infections?

No. There is no evidence that washing your nose with salt regularly can protect people from new corona virus infections. There is some limited evidence that washing your nose with salt regularly can help people recover faster from the common cold but has not been proven to prevent respiratory infections.

Does spraying alcohol or chlorine all over the body kill the new corona virus?

No. Spraying alcohol or chlorine throughout the body will not kill the virus that has entered the body. Spraying such substances can actually damage clothes and mucous membranes (ie eyes, mouth). Be aware that alcohol and chlorine can be useful for disinfecting surfaces, but need to be used under appropriate recommendations.

Do I have to worry about corona virus (COVID-19)?

COVID-19 disease is generally mild, especially in children and young adults. However, infection can also cause serious illness: around 1 in 5 infected people need hospital treatment. Therefore, it is natural for people to worry about the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on themselves and those they care about.

We can channel our concerns by protecting ourselves, our loved ones and the community. The most important action is to diligently wash your hands with soap and running water or if not available, a hand sanitizer with alcohol (at least 60%) and cover your nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing with your elbows folded. In addition, stay abreast of information and comply with the advice of the local health department including restrictions on travel, movement and meetings.

Should my child not go to school first?

If your child shows symptoms of fever, fatigue and dry cough, you should seek treatment and follow the instructions of health professionals. Rest the child at home and avoid crowded places to prevent the spread of disease.

If your child does not show symptoms your child should stay in school, unless there is a notification from the authorities stating otherwise.

Teach children clean behavior, including the following behavior,

Wash your hands frequently with soap and running water or alcohol-based cleaning fluid (60%)
Cover mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing with folded elbows or tissue, which are immediately thrown into a closed trash can after use
Avoid touching the eyes, mouth and nose when the child’s hands have not been washed with soap.

Can the new corona virus be transmitted through mosquito bites?

Until now there has been no evidence that the new corona virus can be transmitted by mosquitoes. The new corona virus is a respiratory virus that spreads mainly through coughing or breathing of an infected person.

To protect yourself, wash your hands frequently with soap and running water or if it is not available, with an alcohol-based cleanser (at least 60%). Also, avoid close contact with anyone who coughs and sneezes.

Does the new corona virus affect children or pregnant women?

This is a new virus and we have not gained enough knowledge about how the virus affects children or pregnant women. What is known: anyone of any age group can be infected with a virus. What we know, so far the number of cases of children is fairly small.

In a few cases, new corona virus infections can be fatal and most of them occur in the elderly (elderly) group and those with chronic (chronic) health problems, such as high blood pressure, diabetes or heart disease.

Does the new corona virus affect older people, or are young people also vulnerable?

People of all ages can be infected with the new corona virus. Older people, and people with health problems (such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease) will be more vulnerable to experiencing severe pain.

WHO recommends that everyone take steps to protect themselves from viruses, for example by washing hands with soap and running water or if not available, use a cleaning fluid made from alcohol (minimum 60%).